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Transparence 13.0

Transparence 14.0

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Transparence 14.0

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Transparence, India’s largest Architectural Design Competition is brought to you by Saint-Gobain Glass India and ably supported by Ethos. Transparence inspires today’s budding architects to give flight to their wings of imagination and creativity. The theme for this year is “Railport- Future Ready” and looks at how we can imagine, re-imagine and design modern railway stations for the modern world!

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Studio Symbiosis

Studio Symbiosis Architects is a multi-disciplinary architectural practice based in Delhi, London and Stuttgart with focus on cutting edge contemporary architecture, cofounded by Amit Gupta and Britta Knobel Gupta. They have completed their post graduate degrees from Architectural Association London and have worked with Zaha Hadid Architects on many award winning projects. The design philosophy is to create integrated design solutions imbibing amalgamated, efficient, robust and sustainable designs leading to performative architecture. Studio Symbiosis has won International Competitions to design Gwalior Railway Station and Bengaluru’s Baiyappanahalli Railway Station. The office is an international award winning practice winning Rethinking the Future, German Design Award World Architecture Community, A Design Award, 40 under 40 Europe, 40 under 40 Asia Pacific, Hospitality Architect of the Year IDE and International Property Awards to name a few. The partners of Studio Symbiosis have been invited to speak at TEDx Bremen Germany, Smart Geometry Hong Kong, AIT conference Hamburg, AYDA Kuala Lumpur along with a number of other international and Indian conferences.

The Reward

per team,
a trophy and a certificate
per team,
a trophy and a certificate
per team,
a trophy and a certificate
per team, a certificate and an opportunity to win the National Trophy

*All participants with submissions that are found technically complete by the jury will be awarded a certificate.

Competition Theme

Keeping up with current times and advances happening across the globe, the infrastructure and facilities in India are getting modernized in the last decade. These changes are at par with international standards and have also been contextualized to meet the needs and requirements of users. This year Transparence is looking at the modernization of railway stations - an initiative already being put into action by the Indian Government.

Keeping up with current times and advances happening across the globe, the infrastructure and facilities in India are getting modernized in the last decade. These changes are at par with international standards and have also been contextualized to meet the needs and requirements of users. This year Transparence is looking at the modernization of railway stations - an initiative already being put into action by the Indian Government.

The theme of Transparence 14.0 is “RAILPORT - Future-Ready

A railway station is no longer just a place to book tickets and board or de-board a train. It has become one of the leading service-oriented industries in the country, offering employment to many, by becoming the center of many service-providing industries, innovations and start-ups. Stations are expanding to accommodate various facilities for passengers, to allow for the diverse socio-economic demographics of the end-users.

Modernization of railway infrastructure not just cater to the present demands, but to accommodate the projected needs of future generations in the next 40 years – which also includes considerable increase in footfall. This requires adequate services for the increased number of passengers as well as efficient security systems and management of passenger circulation and vehicular movements.

Such infrastructural developments cannot be seen in isolation. Land parcels around railway stations should be developed to meet these high demands. They form an efficient and sustainable economic model where the income from development of adjacent land in a holistic manner helps in generating revenue for development of services at the railway station. Therefore, these parcels need to be developed along with their context in an inclusive manner catering to future demands of the railway station and its precinct as well as the city and the region.

Design Problem

A railway station is usually one of the most crowded areas of a city. The roads leading to railway stations have slow-moving traffic owing to overcrowding from vehicles entering and exiting the station and inefficient traffic management. There are private vehicles, autorickshaws, taxis, buses etc which are dropping off and picking up passengers. This overcrowding can be experienced within the railway platforms as well. This could create dangerous situations forcing passengers closer to the edge of the platform. The platforms are crowded as they handle passengers de-boarding from trains and those waiting. Other railway services such as loading of heavy luggage and goods, catering and bedding materials, porter services etc often add to this overcrowding issue. With increased footfall in the future, effective design solutions would be needed to solve these problems.

The aim of this design competition is to design a Railway Station and their precinct that can help users through improved circulation and decrease of conflict areas, thereby making it effective and efficient landmark public area in the city. As per the modernization measures being undertaken by the Ministry of Railways, separate entry and exits for passengers, and separate arrival and departure area for vehicles will help in security arrangements and effective circulation and traffic management. Need for this and appropriate solution for the same will also need to be focused on.

Transparence 14.0 calls for a focus on the micro and the macro.

1. MICRO: The railway station, including:
  • Main station building that includes offices and services of Indian railways, public facilities for the passengers, distinct entry and exits
  • The common concourse level that connects to all the platforms and has various amenities for the passengers
  • A typical platform design providing different services for passengers

2. MACRO: Overall master planning of the railway station precinct, including:
  • Urban blocks ONLY on Parcel 1 for commercial use
  • Circulation and landscaping
  • Parking surface parking + multi-level public parking structure


The project site is the Anand Vihar Junction Station of the Indian Railways. Northern Indian Railways started operations of this station in 2010. This railway station caters to major east-bound trains originating from here. The adjacent Old Anand Vihar Railway Station (not part of site) caters to the Delhi Ring Rail. This station is significantly located on the Delhi-Uttar Pradesh border catering not only to the residents of Delhi, but also to the adjoining NCR city of Ghaziabad and other nearby cities of Uttar Pradesh.

The station is in proximity to one of the major inter-state bus terminals of the city - Anand Vihar ISBT, serving a population traveling towards and from the states of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Madhya Pradesh. It is also in the vicinity of the Anand Vihar Metro Station - interchange station for Blue and Pink lines of Delhi Metro - making this area the hub of inter-modal transport in East Delhi. Passengers exiting from the railway station can easily travel to any part of Delhi NCR and other towns of Uttar Pradesh.

The Anand Vihar Station currently has seven platforms. It sees daily footfall of approximately 1,20,000 peaking at 13,000 at a time for 2019 and is estimated to nearly double to 2,36,000 peaking at 25,000 in 2038. The station is connected to the Anand Vihar Metro Station and the ISBT through a pedestrian foot-over-bridge. There is vehicular access from the Chaudhri Charan Singh Marg on the east of the site. The land parcels for future development are currently lying vacant. They have to be developed for future commercial purposes.

Site Bye Laws

  • Permissible Floor Area Ratio (FAR)
  • 1.0
This FAR is applicable on the entire 56.7 hectares of land. The development air rights of the railway station are transferable to the development parcels i.e. a maximum of 5,67,000m2 total built up area can be developed on Parcel 1 and for the railway station building.
  • Total Built-up Area
  • 5,67,000m2
    • Maximum Built-up Area of Railway Station building
    • 36,500m2
    • Maximum Built-up area for master plan development
    • 5,30,500m2
  • Maximum Permissible Ground Coverage 30%
  • Maximum Permissible Height
  • N/A
  • Heights for:
    • Top of platform from railway track
    • 760mm-1065mm
    • Minimum Clear height for platform 4.2m
    • Minimum Concourse level height from railway track
    • 6.25m Minimum
  • Minimum green belt area 15%
  • Minimum front setback
  • 15m
  • Minimum side setback 12m
  • Minimum rear setback 12m
  • Parking Requirements
  • 3ECS
(Includes surface parking and/or basement parking and/or multi-level public parking in Parcel 1)

Area Program (For Railway Station building)

  • Entrance and Ticketing
  • 15% of built-up area
Ticketing counters, entrance lobby, cloak rooms, passenger amenities, etc.
  • Administration
  • 15% of Built-up area
Office spaces for railway employees, administration block, etc.
  • Arrival Area 20% of built-up area
Arrival corridors and lounges, passenger amenities, retail stores, café, etc.
  • Departure Area
  • 50% of built-up area
Departure concourse, transfers, waiting areas, lounges, passenger amenities,
retail stores, café, food court etc.